Sunday, March 15, 2020

Is Aramco supplying its now very cheap crude to Petronas RAPID as promised; is Petronas in a position to take advantage of the low crude oil prices? Reports suggest that Aramco favours Chinese,Indian refineries over Petronas

by Ganesh Sahathevan

Goldman Sachs: Oil prices will stay near $30 for next 6 months amid Saudi-Russia price war

First to recap, as reported by this writer in 2017:

Now, in 2020, the Saudi's are turning away request for their very cheap crude:

State-owned oil behemoth Saudi Aramco has rejected at least three Asian refiners’ requests for additional bargain-priced crude for April, despite a recent pledge by the kingdom to boost supplies to a new record, four sources told Reuters.

The refiners - one Korean, one Taiwanese and one Chinese, had requested extra barrels of Saudi oil in a so-called nomination process for April - on top of their long-term supply deals - following the steep price cuts announced by Aramco at the weekend, but were turned down by the producer.

However, Saudi Arabia did approve incremental supplies for its top Indian and Chinese customers, including Bharat Petroleum Corp (BPLC), Reliance Industries Ltd, at least one Chinese state refiner, and privately held Zhejiang Rongsheng Holding Group, to fend off market share threats in the top Asian oil markets - India and China, other sources told Reuters.

So, are the Saudis still supplying crude to Petronas as promised, or has that supply dried up, and being sent elsewhere? Indeed, has Petronas even attempted to take advantage of the low crude oil prices? The report above suggests not.


Monday, March 27, 2017

RAPID refinery " needs a specific type of crude oil "-Petronas executive VP Md Arif Mahmood explains why RAPID refinery will not be as advanced as public were led to believe

by Ganesh Sahathevan

The RAPID refinery is meant to be a very modern refinery  capable of turning virtually any crude oil into  high end products (the technical term is high complexity).

Modern refineries are not supposed to rely on any particular crude for it makes them beholden to a particular supplier or suppliers; but here we have Petronas executive VP Md Arif Mahmood (photo above) insisting :

"This refinery (Rapid) needs a specific type of crude oil that will allow us to make the necessary cut to supply to the petrochemical plants".


Petronas defends RM31b joint venture with Saudi Aramco

In the wake of concerns raised over alleged attempts to sabotage the nation's economy, Petronas has defended its decision to pursue a RM31 billion deal with Saudi Aramco for the Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Development (Rapid) in Pengerang, Johor.

English-daily The Malay Mail quoted Petronas group executive vice-president Md Arif Mahmood as saying that it was "never forced into the joint venture" and had always been eyeing a partner like Aramco.

"How can we be forced to do this deal? We were looking for a partner that would complement the project.

"We are not selling Rapid as reported. It’s a 50-50 partnership," Md Arif is reported as saying in an interview.

The Rapid project is part of Petronas’ Pengerang Integrated Complex (PIC), estimated to cost as much as US$27 billion.

"We are looking for partners to invest and co-invest. And selling and co-investing are very different," he pointed out.

Md Arif also said not many people were aware that discussions between Petronas and Aramco have been ongoing since 2014.

"The discussions with the Saudis took more than two-and-a-half years. They looked at the due diligence of the investment opportunities.

"It is not like it is only yesterday we decided to partner Aramco," he said in describing the partnership as being "an obvious and perfect" one.

The deal signing was formally witnessed by Prime Minister Najib Abdul Razak and Saudi King Salman on Feb 28 as part of the king's agenda while on a state visit to Malaysia.

Md Arif dismissed as "not credible" reports that said senior Petronas officials were against the joint-venture with Aramco and had to be forced into it.

"I am going to make this very clear. It had to be within the terms agreeable, not only for us but agreeable to both parties before we could actually get to the stage where we are now," he stressed.

Among others, Md Arif said, Rapid would be supplying at least 50 percent of the 300,000 barrels of crude oil to be refined a day at its facilities.

On reasons for partnering with Aramco, he said Petronas needed a partner that would be able to leverage its strength and manage the risks at the same time.

"Why Aramco? It is the biggest crude supplier in the world with a supply capacity of 10 million barrels a day," he said.

"This refinery (Rapid) needs a specific type of crude oil that will allow us to make the necessary cut to supply to the petrochemical plants.

"To have a crude supplier as a partner, for long-term crude security, that itself is a good reason why Aramco," Md Arif added.

Najib last week accused a former leader of spreading lies about Malaysia, which he said had nearly scuttled the deal between Petronas and Saudi Aramco.

In the veiled attack apparently aimed at Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia chairperson Dr Mahathir Mohamad, Najib lamented that the opposition would rather create false propaganda than to engage on facts.


Crude oils have different quality characteristics

graph of Density and sulfur content of selected crude oils, as described in the article text
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on Energy Intelligence Group—International Crude Oil Market Handbook.
Notes: Points on the graph are labeled by country and benchmark name and are color coded to correspond with regions in the map below. The graph does not indicate price or volume output values. United States-Mars is an offshore drilling site in the Gulf of Mexico. WTI = West Texas Intermediate; LLS = Louisiana Light Sweet; FSU = Former Soviet Union; UAE = United Arab Emirates. 

Republished: June 26, 2013: Map was corrected.
Many types of crude oil are produced around the world. The market value of an individual crude stream reflects its quality characteristics. Two of the most important quality characteristics are density and sulfur content. Density ranges from light to heavy, while sulfur content is characterized as sweet or sour. The crude oils represented in the chart are a selection of some of the crude oils marketed in various parts of the world. There are some crude oils both below and above the API gravity range shown in the chart.

Crude oils that are light (higher degrees of API gravity, or lower density) and sweet (low sulfur content) are usually priced higher than heavy, sour crude oils. This is partly because gasoline and diesel fuel, which typically sell at a significant premium to residual fuel oil and other "bottom of the barrel" products, can usually be more easily and cheaply produced using light, sweet crude oil. The light sweet grades are desirable because they can be processed with far less sophisticated and energy-intensive processes/refineries. The figure shows select crude types from around the world with their corresponding sulfur content and density characteristics.


Jump up^ "Nelson Complexity Index" (PDF). Retrieved 3 November 2016.
Jump up^ "Nelson Index". Investopedia. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
Jump up^ David C. Johnston; Daniel Johnston (2006). Introduction to Oil Company Financial Analysis. PennWell Books. p. 199. ISBN 9781593700447. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
Jump up^ Johnston, Daniel (March 18, 1996). "Refining Report Complexity index indicates refinery capability, value". Oil and Gas Journal. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
Jump up^ "PMI-Oman 2014". Retrieved 3 November 2016.
Jump up^ Nelson's Complexity Factor (PDF), Reliance Industries Ltd, retrieved 2009-02-28

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